VIA CRUCIS prima persona le parole del libro di Isaia: «Lo Spirito del Signore è . catene Gesù, lo portarono via e lo consegnarono a Pilato. Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd. Flag for .. Documents Similar To Via crucis Eng . Ejercicio Santo Del via Crucis - Extraído Del Libro. The paper starts with a history of the Via Crucis tradition in Philippine Parishes across the Philippines today still practice the Via Crucis as part of o leera un poco en el Passio duorum, o en otro libro de la Passion, algun.
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Scarica Via Crucis Libro PDF Gianluigi Nuzzi Scarica e leggi online. Por favor califica este libro: 1 estrella 2 estrellas 3 Download eBook PDF Via Crucis: A Romance of the Second Crusade. Size: 1,33 MB. second crusade pdf 10,34mb via crucis a romance of the second crusade full el libro publicado por chiarelettere. contiene el número de páginas.. via.
As if God had already been vanquished If only you and I had recognised the day of the Lord! Our Father Offering no resistance, Jesus gives himself up to the execution of the sentence. He is to be spared nothing, and upon his shoulders falls the weight of the ignominious cross. But, through love, the Cross is to become the throne from which he reigns. The worn out body of Jesus staggers now beneath the huge Cross Our Lord falls to the ground exhausted.
Is it not true that as soon as you cease to be afraid of the Cross, of what people call the cross, when you set your will to accept the Will of God, then you find happiness, and all your worries, all your sufferings, physical or moral, pass away?
Truly the Cross of Jesus is gentle and lovable. There, sorrows cease to count; there is only the joy of knowing that we are co-redeemers with Him. Hand in hand with Mary, you and I also want to console Jesus, by accepting always and in everything the Will of his Father, of our Father.
In the whole context of the Passion, this help does not add up to very much. But for Jesus, a smile, a word, a gesture, a little bit of love is enough for him to pour out his grace bountifully on the soul of his friend At times the Cross appears without our looking for it: And if by chance, before this unexpected Cross which, perhaps, is therefore more difficult to understand, your heart were to show repugnance And, filled with a noble compassion, when it asks for them, say to it slowly, as one speaking in confidence: Heart on the Cross!
The beloved face of Jesus, that smiled upon children and was transfigured with glory on Mount Tabor, is now, as it were, concealed by suffering. But this suffering is our purification; the sweat and the blood, which disfigure and tarnish his features, serve to cleanse us. To our falling again and again into evil, Jesus responds with his determination to redeem us, with an abundance of forgiveness.
And, so that no one may despair, again he wearily raises himself, embracing the Cross. A number of women are unable to restrain their compassion and break into tears But Our Lord wishes to channel their weeping towards a more supernatural motive, and he invites them to weep for sins Your sins, my sins, the sins of all men, rise up. All the evil we have done and the good that we have neglected to do.
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Stripped of every earthly attachment, with no other goal but your glory And then follow in the footsteps of Christ. We must make our own the life and death of Christ. Our Father.
The work of our Redemption has been accomplished. Jesus looks at her.
We must die through mortification and penance. And we. Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus were not known publicly as disciples of the Master.. Christ is the way. Her court was, indeed, little more than a show, and Stephen ruled in wrongful possession of the land; but here and there a sturdy and honest knight was still to be found, who might, perhaps, be brought to do homage for his lands to King Stephen, but who would have felt that he was a traitor, and no true man, had he not rendered the homage of fealty to the unhappy lady who was his rightful sovereign.
And one of these was Raymond Warde, whose great-grandfather had ridden with Robert the Devil to Jerusalem, and had been with him when he died in Nicaea; and his grandsire had been in the thick of the press at Hastings, with William of Normandy, wherefore he had received the lands and lordship of Stoke Regis in Hertfordshire; and his name is on Battle Abbey Roll to this day. Lo siento, debes estar conectado para publicar un comentario.
A Romance of the Second Crusade Size: The perfection of all motherhood is Mary, the Mother of Jesus, because she is the only mother in all the world who was "made to Ver Libro.
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The only possible excuse for this book is that it is an answer to a challenge. Even a bad shot is dignified when he accepts Andrew, November 29, Many of the Franciscans written in those accounts were then sent to Japan, eventually becoming martyrs.
One such account was that of San Francisco de San Miguel , who was assigned in Camarines from to , then in Manila from to , until he was sent to Nagasaki.
And the same was the crown of the Blessed Virgin, he did not drop the beads of the hand; for all his joy and contentment was to be employed in the praises of the Queen of Heaven.
He was also very devout of the souls of the purgatory, and prayed many stations; And as far as he could, he favored them, persuading others also to do likewise.
Juan Francisco de San Antonio Philippines in I remain, with the joyful foundation of this Convent, not only that sanctified place, but all that edifying Mount: However, until the time the Constitution of the Franciscans in the Province was first printed in , there was no definite statute or ordinance written as to how the Via Crucis, as a procession, is to be observed and conducted.
The Estatutos y Ordenaciones was the Constitution of the Franciscans in the Province, dictating the way the Order must conduct their liturgical, ministerial and administrative work in the Philippines. It also provided instructions on conducting extra-liturgical activities specific to their Order, such as processions and penitential practices.
In the procession the prayers of the Passions in Latin shall be sung, that the Minister shall not seek them, and cause them to be moved.
Coming at the altars or pasos where the crosses are, the Ministro shall read and pray whatever the custom has established to read and pray. The booklets printed for this purpose shall be made ready at hand.
Returning to the church, the Ministro shall give a short platica to the Indios, or shall read a little from the Passio duorum or other book about the Passion, something that inspires towards devotion. Afterwards, the disciplina shall be performed as usual for the duration of the Miserere which the cantors shall sing.
It shall be concluded with this prayer, Respice quaesumus and other prayers usually said on similar occasions. We are reminding again that caution must be taken not to permit women to stay inside the church during this act; and likewise, that the Minister does not oblige the Indios to attend the said Procession, and exercises of Via Crucis, to which only those who voluntarily want will attend. The processions, and other works, according to the Order, and to the instructions of the Ceremonials of the Province, will be done during Holy Week, up to and including Easter.
The text below has been taken from the said paper, as no other research work has clearly expressed the customary conduct of the devotion of that time.
The representation itself was called paso; the chapel, cobol.
The paso consisted of a picture or tableau representing a stage in the Passion of Our Lord and a wooden cross which was essential for the attainment of indulgences attached to the devotion. However, the actual preparation of the coboles was a communitarian act because the work was shared by the people of the neighborhood in which the station was being erected.
Its start was carefully timed so that by nightfall the procession should be back in the church. Then came the cantors.
An image of Our Lord was carried in the procession; customarily it was that of Jesus Christ tied to the column. Or it could be a big cross with white linen hanging on its arms. Behind the image went the sacristans. Then the preste followed, with the usual accompaniment of the Capitan actual and Fiscal mayor. All the rest walked in front in two lines. At every cobol the procession halted and the people fell on their knees.
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After a short meditation on the mystery depicted in that paso, they recited a prayer in the vernacular, followed by Pater and Ave and the Latin prayer, Respice quaesumus Domine. Upon reaching the church, the cantors sang the Miserere. The candles of the main altar were lighted. The verse, Tibi soli peccavi, was sung thrice.
When the priest reached the lowest step of the main altar he knelt on it. At the end of the psalm the priest recited Respice quaesumus Domine and went to the sacristy to take off the rochet. What must be highlighted as well, though, are the objects of the devotion itself. There are mentions of pasos, or panels, enshrined in coboles.
But what do those pasos looked like? What are they made of? Who made these images? These we seek to answer. But there are surviving Spanish-era works; a few of them in varied states of condition, and these collections are worth noting here. Many of the surviving Via Crucis artworks from the Spanish era are of panels.
Those panels are normally displayed inside churches, and are only taken out during Holy Week, when they are being placed inside coboles or postes. Elsewhere, a number of these collections may be found still intact inside church interiors and within the complex.
Images of the Via Crucis are usually articulated within a framed panel, which is the traditional popular form, as objects that facilitate meditation for the devotion. The images itself are either painted on canvas, or carved out of wood. For proper identification of these artworks, we must first identify the usual components of a Via Crucis panel. In some cases, the caption is written within the image itself.
We may further classify the Via Crucis panels according to its framing: This is characterized by lack of depth and decoration. The frame engages the viewer by adding further depth and enhancement to the image. Several pieces of wood that form the entablature, the colonettes or pilasters, pediments and finials, all supported by a segmented block base, are glued or nailed together to create an architectural composition of a tabernacle.
The manner and style of elaboration of the frames themselves are not only reflections of the prevailing styles in architecture during the time of their construction, but also indicators of the wealth of the parish.
The Via Crucis panels are normally hung inside the length of the church nave. The usual placement is that the first seven panels are hung on the Gospel side spread equally along the nave length, with the first station nearest the altar and the seventh station nearest the narthex.
The last seven panels are hung on the Epistle side in a similar fashion, with the eighth station nearest the narthex and the fourteenth station nearest the altar. Panels that are carved in stone on perimeter walls or stone slabs of a church complex vary in configuration across The Thirteenth Station ladrillo poste found at parishes. In the case of Argao, the panels are carved in cut stone surfaces of the perimeter wall, with decorations and draperies at every panel.
In Daraga church complex in Albay, as well as the and the chapel complexes of Antipolo and Magnesia, both in Virac, Catanduanes, the perimeter wall was constructed with niches at every crest, where the pasos are placed during the exercise of the devotion. The exercise of the Via Crucis was done mainly as a public and communal affair during the colonial times, which means the procession is done outside the church.
A few parishes today still conduct the Via Crucis procession this way, even as many of them are already doing it inside the church instead.
Each poste has a niche where the paso is placed, and decorated with flowers and candles. The church complex of Nuestra Sra.
In Sarrat, there are thirteen beautiful brick postes scattered across the town, with the fourteenth station ending up inside the church. A similar set of thirteen postes are found scattered around the church complex of San Nicolas in Ilocos Norte, but the construction and styles of each poste were done differently.
Elsewhere, in the church complexes of Laoag and Vintar of Ilocos Norte, Magsingal in Ilocos Sur, and Bangued and Tayum in Abra, you will find stone postes still standing, but are already incomplete in number because the rest were either demolished or in ruins.
Needless to say, these incomplete postes are now left unused and neglected. Styles of the objects of devotion throughout the eras The images, or pasos, are undeniably the most important objects of the Via Crucis exercise. Like the santos, the pasos are also works of art, crafted masterfully to engage the person into the devotion. The pasos of the 17th and 18th century were normally commissioned to either Chinese artisans or a native trained by the parish cura to paint religious iconography.
In the ensuing years of the see-sawing relationship between the Spanish and the Chinese in the early and middle 17th century, many Chinese fled to the remote provinces to seek refuge from the persecution of the Spaniards, notably the Chinese massacres in and Hence you will see a lot of Chinese- style workmanship in religious art found in the provinces.
Among them are the Bicol Twelfth Station and Christ Between the Two Thieves, both made circa to , which carries inspiration from Flemish engravings seen in devotional prayer books but were rendered in forceful calligraphic strokes.
An example of such are found on the inscriptions at the back of the tin panels of the Via Crucis paintings inside the church of Liliw in Laguna, as well as of those found inside Nueva Caceres church in Oslob. The style of framing were only mostly of simple framework, but it is left to the artists to render their own techniques of depicting the images of the stations. Ranging from the so-called folksy style, to the neo-Renaissance, a number of these collections are still being displayed inside churches.
The Talim Island collection were painted by the Angono painter Juan Senson, notably for its strokes that are similar to the Renaissance works of Giotto and Fra Angelico. James Owen Saguinsin from Far Eastern University clarifies instead that the Via Crucis paintings from Morong predated Senson by about 4 to 5 decades, presumably during the early s.
His comparative analysis based on the applied style and techniques suggest that they may have been painted by the early Chinese artisans who were also commissioned to decorate the Morong church. The paintings were marked with the year as the date when the works were completed, but the artist who did the painting is unknown.
The panels are all painted on molave wood, with developments in rendering linear perspective as compared to the earlier works in the 17th and 18th century, and attempts to produce emotion thru facial expressions. Popular styles of painting in the Philippines will almost always incorporate elements of anachronism, and this is exceptionally true to the Via Crucis paintings of the late Spanish period. While the images try to depict the Jerusalem scene, these paintings will always infuse local Filipino color and setting.
The Paete collection, displayed at the San Agustin Museum, will have a dog on the 1st station, witnessing the condemnation of Christ. A number of panels of the Dauis painting collection will have the famous Chocolate Hills as its background. The 3rd and the 9th station panels of Morong paintings will have a soldier blowing a tambuli.
Another notable anachronistic element is the 7th station panel in Tanay, Rizal, where a Roman soldier is holding his eyeglasses for some strange reason. But parallel to these anachronistic elements in Filipino popular style of painting during the Spanish period is the consistency of the hierarchical depiction of the The Eleventh Station of Paete Church, now at the characters.
Santiago Pilar will suggest that early San Agustin Museum painters will symbolize the importance of the characters by assigning them different sizes, giving prominence to the Biblical characters. Another element worth noting is the incorporation of text in the images, such as the initialisms S. Senatus Populusque Romanus and I.
Iesus Nazarenus, Rex Iudaeorum , rendering the Via Crucis series as successive vignettes of an ethnographic and pedagogical representation. The Via Crucis collection found inside the church of Ivana in Batanes is of bas-relief on wood, with the beginnings of the altarpiece style. A most notable form of the Via Crucis relieves is found in the muralla walls of Argao church complex in Cebu, where the images are depicted in symbols instead of the usual tableaux of characters in a scene: In this case, it is rather very unusual for a Spanish-era artistic relic to utilize minimalist techniques of conveying narrative vignettes.
The carved stone slabs of the Via Crucis of Argao in Cebu The tradition of pasos de cuadro persisted in some parishes even up to the American era, done in popular style. Donato Guimbaolibot. The works were painted by local artists, who were also commissioned to paint the ceiling panels during the major repairs for the church done at that time. Boris in But with Manila becoming a major trading hub in Asia by the middle of the 20th century, many churches have started to acquire imported items.
The reconstruction efforts for churches damaged during World War II have also somehow prompted the changes in the choices of styles for the interior church artifacts, such as the Via Crucis, incorporating styles ranging from simple Renaissance to Neo-Gothic to Art Deco in their frames. Oftentimes the styles of different periods are even combined. The most notable departure during this period is of depicting the pasos in bas-relief bajorrelieve , with the characters in the tableaux molded using pasta de madera, instead of the popular cuadro brushwork of the Spanish era, and painted using pigments that still give strikingly vivid colors up to today.
One example is of Lucban church in Quezon, where the parish acquired a new Via Crucis collection imported from Spain in the s, replacing the earlier collection of paintings in canvas, damaged during the war together with the church. The collection of Via Crucis in Sariaya church, while not done in an altarpiece style, contains art deco elements, indicating the collective style that is in vogue in the town at that time.
Elsewhere across many parish churches, altarpiece styles of the Via Crucis will range from articulated to decadent. In Pampanga, the churches of Apalit and Mexico will have altarpiece Via Crucis characterized by their The Ninth Station inside Dalaguete Church in Cebu, done in Neo-Gothic framing, while those of the church altarpiece framework of Betis is done in Renaissance tempietto.
The integration of forms and perspectives that made a harmonious, jointed scene resulted in a Via Crucis artwork that is almost a class of its own: The remainder of the 20th century and the attitudes of the clergy towards ecclesiastical art after Vatican II have somehow stagnated the expression of the Via Crucis as an art form.
Instead of commissioning artists to create these collections, parishes will instead acquire readily-available prints that can easily be installed inside parishes and re-used as pasos during the Lenten Via Crucis exercise. A significant tangible and intangible heritage of the Church As I went through my subsequent research of the Via Crucis while writing this paper, I have heard about the old practices still being observed in the Franciscan towns of Laguna and Quezon.
According to the community leaders, they have been observing the new Way of the Cross since the late 90s, sometime after the Traditional set was changed in The second change was of the use of tableaux: The coboles are no longer made of light materials such as palm fronds and bamboo: The Good Friday estacion general at Sablayan, Occidental Mindoro In spite of the changes, many traditional elements remained: Each station is still marked by a wooden crucifix at the top of the cobol:One must think of St.
There is always a determined point of departure, a way, and a point of arrival. Needless to say, these incomplete postes are now left unused and neglected.
Interessante scoprire quanto i beni terreni interessino questi uomini. Senatus Populusque Romanus and I. Meditazioni di.
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